This set of field guidelines is intended to provide guidance to humanitarian practitioners in identifying and measuring possible humanitarian consequences of sanctions. The guidelines, presented here, are relevant to a range of sanctions, including: arms embargoes, financial sanctions, travel-related sanctions and targeted trade sanctions. At the core of the guidelines is a sanctions assessment methodology, which facilitates evaluation of possible humanitarian consequences of sanctions.
The document contains five parts:
1) Part one introduces the objectives, application, and conceptual framework of the field guidelines
2) Part two briefs on the causal modelling, such as types of causes and the chain of causation, inferring cause using criteria of causation. It also includes how to build a causal model
3) Part three present the humanitarian indicators and data sources
4) Part four introduces sanctions assessment methodology, such as undertaking a baseline assessment of humanitarian conditions, assessing humanitarian vulnerability during baseline assessment, methodology for assessing humanitarian implications, how to apply the assessment methodology and humanitarian assessments for particular types of sanctions
5) Part five sets forth standards for humanitarian assessments, such as key elements of humanitarian assessment and how to write a humanitarian assessment report
The Security Council and governments often use sanctions as a means to facilitate international peace and security. The information provided in this handbook is relevant to a number of different types of sanctions, including: arms embargoes, financial sanctions, travel-related sanctions and targeted trade sanctions. The methods presented are applicable to United Nations (UN)–imposed sanctions and to those imposed unilaterally or by regional actors. The purpose of this handbook is to provide guidance to humanitarian practitioners and policymakers on identifying and measuring possible humanitarian implications of sanctions.
The handbook consists of six parts:
1) Parts one to four introduce the sanction assessment methodology and targeted sanctions, and provide the conceptual framework in humanitarian assessments under sanctions and human rights
2) Part five introduces methodological challenges in studies of sanctions, baseline assessment of humanitarian conditions, humanitarian implications of sanctions, and humanitarian assessment for particular types of sanctions
3) Part six provides standards for humanitarian assessments, such as requests for assessments by the sanctioning authority, agencies and investigators tasked with undertaking assessments; writing a humanitarian assessment report; and how to ensure transparency and accountability