An Operational Peer Review (OPR) is an inter-agency review of a crisis which required an emergency activation, conducted by a team of senior humanitarian practitioners from the UN, NGOs and other Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) organisations. A Scale-Up activation is reserved for crises of the highest magnitude and activates a number of system-wide Transformative Agenda (TA) Protocols. OPRs are not assessments or evaluations. They provide the Humanitarian Coordinator and Humanitarian Country Team with an opportunity to reflect on the direction and performance of a humanitarian response.
An Inter-Agency Humanitarian Evaluation is an independent assessment of results of the collective humanitarian response by member organizations of the IASC. IAHEs evaluate the extent to which planned collective results have been achieved and how humanitarian reform efforts have contributed to that achievement.
Usually, IAHEs are initiated as per their inclusion in the IAHE Steering Group’s Workplan and are formally launched by the Emergency Relief Coordinator. Using a systematic and defined set of selection and prioritization criteria, a list of priority countries for crisis-specific evaluations and priority themes for thematic evaluations are established on an annual basis.
IAHEs may also be triggered by an IASC Scale-Up Activation, a formal mechanism for the mobilization of system-wide capacities and resources beyond standard levels, which automatically requires the implementation of an IAHE. IAHEs triggered by a Scale-Up need to be conducted within 9-12 months from the initial Scale-Up activation taking into consideration the findings of the Operational Peer Review.
Mass Exodus From Violent Central African Republic Chad, Doyaba, 31 January 2014, Photo: WFP/Loyse Tabin
More than 70,000 people have fled CAR to Chad since the intensification of violence in December; there are 62,000 refugees in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC); 28,000 have arrived in recent weeks in Cameroon and 12,000 have sought refuge in the Republic of the Congo. Since December 2013, the exodus from CAR into fragile and food-insecure areas has intensified, creating new strains on local people.
River overflow in Shuhada district, Badakhshan province, Credit: Hafezullah/ IOM Fayzabad Date: 08 July 2015
An assessment team consisting of WFP, IOM, ANDMA Afghan-Aid and district has conducted assessment on 08 July-015. 72 houses completely destroyed and 38 houses partially damaged. 50 km irrigation canal damaged and 500 Jerib agriculture land have been damaged.
On 24 February 2016, Makereta Nasiki, 13, sits in her room, showing damage caused by Tropical Cyclone Winston in the town of Ba on Viti Levu Island of Fiji.
Guinea, Credit: UNIDO
Guinea - Many years of hosting refugees fleeing conflict in neighbouring Liberia and Sierra Leone had a significant impact on communities in the eastern region of Guinea. This UNTFHS funded project implemented by UNIDO (June 2005 – June 2011) contributed to reducing tensions between refugees and host communities by restoring destroyed social infrastructure and rehabilitating the productive capacities of refugees, returnees, and IDP’s.
On the way to Mahalej shelter in Jibreen (Photo: OCHA Syria/L. Tom)
On 2 December, on the way to Mahalej shelter, the team observes destroyed building, field and barricades along the road. On 2 December, a UN mission visits the Mahalej shelter in Jibreen, Aleppo a former cotton factory, where thousands of internally displaced people from east Aleppo have been passed through. The site does not properly protect vulnerable people for the freezing cold temperatures, which is why most people only stay for a few days before moving on. The UN is responding to people in need by providing humanitarian assistance including hot meals, NFIs, WASH and health and nutrition support.
Bekaa Field Visit, Saadnayel, 5.8.16. © Julie Melichar
Syrian Refugee Children at tented settlement. Most of the children lost their parents during the war.
Emergency Directors Group visit to Jeremie (Haiti) on 03 November 2016 (Hurricane Matthew), Photo: OCHA/Rébar Jaff
Water is trucked from a nearby river, purified and packaged here, and sent to various locations with urgent water needs, including hospitals and temporary shelters for displaced people.
16 Jan 2015, Kharkov, Ukraine, Credit: OCHA/Z. Nurmukhambetova
A man walks out of "Station Kharkov," a locally run and organized aid centre in the city of Kharkov. The centre first opened in June 2014. Since then it has helped thousands of displaced people receive aid, temporary shelter, psychological help and information.