Inter-Agency Humanitarian Evaluation of the Response to the Crisis in the Central African Republic

Published Date

The Central African Republic (CAR) has been characterized by multiple overlapping crises combining a long history of military coups and rebellions. This situation has caused a sustained economic crisis that has eroded the country’s capacity to provide basic services and protection to its people. Since December 2012 the country has been the stage of widespread insecurity with attacks against the former government which led to its destitution by the Seleka coalition in March 2013. Under the Seleka rule (March 2013 - January 2014) bad governance worsened, the regime abused power for self-enrichment and plundered public funds eventually leading to the collapse of the economy. Violence against civilians soared and retaliation by anti-Balaka militia against the Seleka rebels further instigated gross human rights violations causing one of the most serious humanitarian and protection crises faced by the international community. Security conditions in the country further deteriorated in early December 2013, when fighting erupted between the ex- Séléka alliance and anti-Balaka groups, composed of armed fighters that oppose ex-Séléka forces, and forced out the government of ex-Seleka leader, Michel Djotodia.

The violence has led to the displacement of over a million Central Africans, approximately 25 per cent of CAR's population. In March 2015, there were 436,000 IDPs in CAR - including 49,000 in 34 sites in Bangui - and 2.7 million people (over half of CAR’s population) need humanitarian assistance. 

On 11 December 2013, the crisis in CAR was declared an L3 emergency. 

The final evaluation report was issued in September 2016.