In December 2018, the IASC Championship Strategy on Protection from Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (SEA) and Sexual Harassment (SH) outlined the vision of “a humanitarian environment in which people caught up in crises feel safe and respected and can access the protection and assistance they need without fear of exploitation or abuse, and in which aid workers themselves feel supported, respected and empowered to deliver such assistance in working environments free from sexual harassment.” Building on the work of previous Champions, UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi has identified the following three priorities for his Championship, which will run from September 2019 through to August 2020:
Bolstering prevention Eradicating sexual misconduct requires a swift and robust response to any allegation. At the same time, resolute efforts are necessary to prevent such abuses from happening in the first place. We need to ensure that every colleague understands his/her role in preventing and responding to SEA and SH and that the people we serve are aware of their rights to access protection and assistance free from SEA.
Expanding safe spaces It takes considerable courage for a victim/survivor to speak up and we must find every way possible to lighten this burden. This requires that we work together to address the many barriers to reporting, make a victim-centered approach not just a principle but a reality, and protect both survivors and witnesses.
Promoting a respectful use of authority Sexual misconduct is rooted in imbalances of power. We need to reflect on how we use power and privilege and ensure that we create workplaces of respect and accountability, where misconduct is not tolerated, and where senior management communicates, embodies and enforces ethical standards.
The following five initiatives are proposed, each addressing one or more of the outlined priorities.
Hold a session on values, culture and attitudes with IASC Principals: The self-reflective session is expected to be held at an upcoming IASC Principals meeting. It will use an experiential learning methodology and result in clear commitments from the Principals in the area of organizational and culture change to create workplaces of respect and accountability.
Make the IASC commitment more visible: IASC Principals have a responsibility to raise the issue of sexual misconduct at every opportune moment, especially when travelling on mission and engaging with colleagues. To facilitate such exchanges, which can be challenging, including in some specific cultural contexts, an engaging and thought-provoking communications package will be made available to IASC members. In addition, the High Commissioner welcomes a joint field mission with other IASC Principals and/or leaders in this area, to show the IASC commitment on SEA/SH in action, listen to victims and advocate for further mobilization.
Facilitate the sharing of good practices and resources on improving workplace culture: Recognizing the significant efforts undertaken by IASC members in this area, we will build on existing materials, and expand and disseminate them. The aim will be to support all IASC members to engage in reflective processes on individual and organizational culture and to foster working environments that are free from SEA and SH.
Develop an interagency training for partners on protection from sexual misconduct: In order to help all IASC members meet expected standards on protection from SEA and SH, we will work with IOM and other partners to adapt for interagency training purposes an innovative face-to face SEA learning package developed by IOM. The package will also include a component on addressing SH. A training module on SEA investigations will also be made available to all IASC members.
Establish a PSEA community outreach and communications fund: To support IASC members and affiliated partners lacking the resources and/or expertise to develop and disseminate PSEA outreach and communications materials, a fund will be set up to swiftly provide small grants at field-level. Applicants will be required to demonstrate that they have undertaken, in collaboration with communities, an analysis of their needs and preferred channels. Materials developed will be made available to all IASC members.
This paper summarizes actions undertaken by IASC members to protect from and respond to sexual exploitation and abuse (SEA) and sexual harassment and abuse (SHA). It reflects updated information from IASC partners, complementing the 31 May 2018 review of IASC Good Practices. Actions have been grouped according to the strategy endorsed by the IASC in December 2018, which identifies priorities under three main objectives. This summary aims to promote good practice and learning within the IASC and identify opportunities for collaboration, where possible, responding to calls for the IASC to “share and promote best practices on preventing, investigating, and responding to sexual harassment and assault ”.
In March 2018, the IASC acknowledged that all entities are facing similar issues and have come to a shared diagnosis. They agreed that the IASC should serve as a forum for information exchange and to share best practices across the sector.In May 2018, the IASC also called to “circulate the compendium of good practices and ensure that it is regularly updated”. At the IASC Senior Focal Points meeting with the ERC and the IASC Champion in November, the commitment to continue to document good practice was iterated, and participants agreed to share knowledge, good practices, and lessons learned. Only a snapshot of the extensive inputs submitted by IASC organizations is provided below; with the agreement of IASC Principals, the full record can be made available on the IASC website.
The Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) is the longest-standing and highest-level humanitarian coordination forum of the United Nations system that brings together 19 Principals of United Nations and non-United Nations entities to ensure coherence of efforts, formulate policy, and discuss priorities for strengthened humanitarian action. It facilitates the leadership role of the United Nations Secretary-General by meeting regularly to ensure better preparation for, as well as rapid and coherent response to, humanitarian crises. It is chaired by the United Nations Emergency Relief Coordinator.
In exercise of its mandate, the IASC convened in Geneva on 29 May to discuss how to strengthen humanitarian and development collaboration to reduce humanitarian needs and address vulnerabilities; how to improve the Global Humanitarian Overview 2020 through reinforcing the evidence-base and a multi-year approach; how to ensure system-wide collective efforts and track progress made to better prevent sexual exploitation and abuse and harassment, and the need to step up efforts for the inclusion of persons with disabilities in humanitarian action and converting commitments into results.
At the outset, the IASC Principals discussed key humanitarian crises, with the objective of building a shared understanding and approach to address the specific challenges that are confronting the humanitarian system, in order to respond effectively to the urgent humanitarian needs. The discussions focused on the humanitarian situations in Yemen, Venezuela, Libya, the Rohingya crisis, the Sahel Region, and Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
IASC Principals also discussed the implications for humanitarian action from key global reform processes. The Committee was briefed by Mr. Achim Steiner, UNDP Administrator, who provided an update on the United Nations Development System Reform. One of the cornerstones of the reform is the empowerment of Resident Coordinators, who double as Humanitarian Coordinators in times of crisis. The discussion focused on the areas for coherence, complementarity, and engagement with development actors, including the need for development actors to engage actively with non-UN entities that are part of the IASC and that make up the broader humanitarian sector.
The Committee was also briefed by Mr. Filippo Grandi, UN High Commissioner for Refugees who provided an update on the Global Compact on Refugees – an international compact for coordinated efforts for the support of refugees and host countries. The session concluded with a briefing from Ms. Laura Thompson, Deputy Director-General of IOM who provided an update on the Global Compact for Migration, another key international cooperation framework with implications for how humanitarian agencies engage in the topic of migration. There are various linkages between the IASC and key global processes and compacts which require collective action to deliver on the Sustainable Development Goals, particularly in bringing together development and humanitarian sectors.
The Committee was briefed on Ebola Preparedness and Response. The session covered the ongoing response to the Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), which has been building for the last ten months. The Committee unanimously decided to activate the IASC Humanitarian System-Wide Scale-Up Protocol for the Control of Infectious Disease Events to bolster and support the humanitarian response to the outbreak. More efforts are underway by the entirety of the IASC membership to arrest the scourge of Ebola in the DRC once and for all. And, in addition to the IASC Humanitarian System-Wide Scale-Up Protocols, the Committee also discussed the ‘Severe/Sustain designation’ to signal the need to sustain coherent and high levels of context-specific responses to a targeted number of exceptionally severe protracted crises, commensurate with the magnitude, severity and persistence of needs. The Committee agreed to continue discussions in this regard.
The Committee also continued to focus on the prevention of sexual exploitation and abuse (PSEA). It was briefed by the IASC Champion Ms. Henriette H. Fore, UNICEF Executive Director, who highlighted progress and additional actions needed to support a collective approach at country level. The Committee agreed to continue to share good practice and to contribute to a ‘speak-up culture’. The Committee took note of the new incoming IASC Champion for PSEA, Mr. Filippo Grandi, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, who will assume the role from 1 September 2019.
The Committee reviewed the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) and agreed to continue developing this important tool. It called for the support of the Principals in developing the required evidence-base for the forthcoming GHO with a view to strengthening the coverage of vulnerable groups and providing a better narrative of humanitarian response. The next GHO will be launched simultaneously in Berlin, Brussels, Geneva, London, and Washington in December 2020.
Given the importance of responding to the needs of specific groups of vulnerable populations, the Committee heard from Mr. Vladmir Cuk, the Executive Director of the International Disability Alliance who focused on how the IASC can better respond to the needs of persons with disabilities. The Committee welcomed the launch of the IASC Guidelines on Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities due later in 2019 and agreed to endorse it swiftly as well as to add Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities as an agenda item at future IASC meetings.
To provide rapid grants to IASC organizations and affiliated partners who lack access to sufficient dedicated or internal investigation capacity for cases of Sexual Exploitation and Abuse against beneficiaries or Sexual Harassment against Aid Workers.