In addition to major humanitarian crises triggered by natural disasters or conflicts, infectious disease events, including outbreaks, can result in a Humanitarian System-wide Scale-Up activation(i.e. ‘Scale-Up activation’) to ensure a more effective response.
Scale-Up activation procedures for infectious disease events build on the InterAgency Standing Committee (IASC) Scale-Up activation protocols, with adjustments to reflect the potential evolution of an infectious event, the roles of the World Health Organization (WHO) and its Director-General and Member States under the International Health Regulations (IHR) (2005), and the importance of non-IASC organizations in responding to infectious disease events. These procedures also recognize that many infectious hazards are of animal origin, with the response incorporating a ‘One Health’ approach.
This paper outlines the IASC procedures for the assessment of infectious disease events, the consultation and decision-making processes on Scale-Up activation, the activation and deactivation criteria and procedures, and implications for IASC members and other key collaborating organizations.
Protocol 1 of the Scale-Up activation documents defines and establishes the procedures for a humanitarian system-wide Scale-UP activation in response to a major sudden-onset crisis and/or substantial deterioration of a humanitarian situation.
The document includes the following sections:
Main Steps in the Procedure;
Implications of the Scale-Up Activation;
End of the Scale-Up Designation;
Definition of Accompanying Measures.
This reference document replaces the 13 April 2012 Transformative Agenda L-3 definition and procedures.
The IASC Reference Module for the Implementation of the Humanitarian Program Cycle defines the roles and responsibilities of international humanitarian actors and the way that they interact with each other, national and local authorities, civil society and with people affected by crises.
The reference module is formed around the six key elements of the humanitarian program cycle and two enablers:
Emergency Response Preparedness
Needs Assessment and Analysis
Strategic Response Planning
Implementation and Monitoring
Operational Peer Review and Evaluation
This Reference Module provides a standard and adaptable set of tools for use in humanitarian crises globally.
The 2015 document supersedes the first version of the same name from 2013.
The Humanitarian Country Team (HCT), under the leadership of the Humanitarian Coordinator (HC) is the centrepiece of the humanitarian coordination architecture. A well functioning HCT that is timely, effective and efficient, and contributes to longer-term recovery will alleviate human suffering and protect the lives, livelihoods and dignity of populations in need. The document aims to provide guidance that can be tailored to specific country situations, as necessary and includes:
1) Establishment and disestablishment of a Humanitarian Country Team
2) Responsibilities, such as agreeing on common strategic issues, agreeing on common policies and promoting adherence
3) Composition of the Humanitarian Country Team
4) Chairmanship of the Humanitarian Country Team
5) Modus operandi
6) Interface with other in-country coordination mechanisms
In order to ensure that the humanitarian community, as represented by the IASC, is collectively able to identify, mentor, select, train, appoint and hold individuals accountable, and that it can deliver the most effective leadership in humanitarian emergencies, the IASC Principals in 2006 came up with five key points designed to strengthen the Humanitarian Coordinator system.
The five key points followed by action points are: 1) Strengthened commitment to coordination at the field level by all humanitarian partners 2) Greater inclusiveness, transparency and ownership in the appointment of Humanitarian Coordinators 3) Clearer accountability of Humanitarian Coordinators to the humanitarian community. 4) Appropriate training and induction are in place to prepare and support Humanitarian Coordinators to take over their functions 5) Humanitarian Coordinators are adequately supported in their work