The tree diagram provides practical guidance on developing effective, holistic coordination and response mechanisms for the collection, supply and use of household energy in humanitarian settings. The diagrams present a clear means of determining which factors should influence the choice of fuel strategy in an individual setting. It is based on simple responses to a series of questions about local priorities, access, availability, etc.
Recognising that short and long-term fuel strategies may be different, the diagrams cover two response phases: acute emergency and protracted settings. The acute emergency diagram is particularly intended for emergency response teams, site selectors/site planners and camp managers at the outset of a new emergency. The guidance focuses on only the most essential fuel-related concerns. The protracted settings diagram is intended for all field-based actors with responsibility for determining a long-term fuel strategy. It provides guidance on the inter-linkages between a series of considerations and the cross-sectoral ramifications of each.
The collection, supply and/or use of firewood and alternative energy are multi-sectoral issues, as are the consequences thereof, such as rape, murder, environmental degradation and indoor air pollution. The challenge cannot be effectively addressed by a singularly-mandated agency or cluster acting alone. The goal is to provide a practical tool for determining the priority activities to be undertaken in the development of an effective, multi-sectoral fuel strategy.
The matrix is targeted to field-based actors from a range of response sectors: camp coordination/camp management, emergency shelter, environment/natural resource management, food/nutrition, health, information/education/communication, livelihoods/development/food security, and protection. It presents the responsibilities for the sector in three phases:
1) emergency preparedness and contingency planning
2) acute emergency
3) protracted crises, transition and durable solutions